IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications
2–5 September 2024 // Valencia, Spain
Elevating 6G Beyond Connectivity

WS 10 - 1st International Workshop on Value-driven Ethical Networking in 6G (EthicNet)

WS 10 - 1st International Workshop on Value-driven Ethical Networking in 6G (EthicNet)


There is a wide consensus on the need to develop technologies answering urgent needs, like combating climate-change, achieving gender equality, etc. To this aim, local/national governments are identifying Key Value Indicators (KVIs), i.e., value metrics that aim to quantify significant ethical principles, such as: sustainability, inclusiveness and trust, in alignment with the UN Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs). 6G plays a key role to achieve economic, societal and environmental sustainability. However, design goals of networks till 5G have been stated in terms of deterministic Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) such as throughput, delay, energy-efficiency which do not capture the value offered by the network. Hence, a paradigm shift is needed towards value-driven ethical networking, capable of satisfying ethical requirements of involved stakeholders in terms of KVIs besides KPIs. Most of the work on this topic is being driven by a few specialized projects and groups, such as Hexa-X, Hexa-X-II, 6G-IA.

In addition, there are several critical open problems namely, the definition, support and quantification of KVIs, as well as a formal methodology to evaluate them, etc. Given the IEEE PIMRC broad outreach and historical importance, this workshop aims to address both of the aforementioned challenges by bringing the broader community of researchers closer to this important topic and consequently, help foster and promote relevant research beyond the aforementioned projects and groups.

To do this the workshop will solicit cutting-edge timely contributions not just from an environmental sustainability view, but from a broad interdisciplinary view for the ethical design of the network. ETHICNET is proposed to unite academic and industrial experts with the objective of developing a novel vision for value-driven ethical networking.

Topics of interest

Novel contributions related (but not limited) to the following research topics are welcome:

  • KVIs definition and categories (e.g., sustainability, digital inclusiveness, inclusive education, trustworthiness)
  • Network architectures supporting KVIs
  • Orchestration solutions to enable sustainable and ethical networking
  • Network slicing for sustainable and ethical networking
  • (Network) Digital twins for sustainable and ethical networking
  • Immersive communications for sustainable and ethical networking
  • AI/ML techniques for KVIs prediction
  • Intent-based networking for KVIs support
  • Algorithms/protocols for KVIs enforcement in the network
  • Methodological approaches to assess KVIs
  • Use cases for sustainable and ethical networking
  • Business models for sustainable and ethical networking

Extended versions of selected papers will be fast-tracked to Computer Networks (IF 5.6).

Keynote Speaker

Ali Rezaki (Nokia Standards) 

Talk Title

Value-oriented Design of 6G


We are living through a challenging global context today, which includes the environmental emergency, existence of disadvantaged, excluded populations worldwide, and businesses, especially SMEs, that are squeezed between sustainability/net-zero targets and achieving growth. Additionally, there are human – nature, and human – human disconnects: inabilities to link actions with their impact to others – broken environmental and societal feedback loops. Against this backdrop, we are designing the future of mobile communications which will be an essential part of the fabric of society worldwide within 10 years and we want to ensure that it helps mitigate these global challenges prominently. To this end, rather than sticking to an exclusively technical and performance-oriented design approach, we need to follow a holistic approach, that would increase the likelihood of creating desired outcomes of the use of 6G systems and technology for individuals, society, economy, and the environment. Accordingly, we need to focus on:

  • The environmental impact through footprint, handprint & rebound considerations, Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) including Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation actions,
  • The societal impact through ensuring societal acceptance of our technology, combatting injustice & exclusion, ensuring empowerment & access, trustworthiness through a value based, appropriate technology perspective,
  • The economic impact by focusing on reconciling sustainability & growth, TCO, limits and boundaries of technology and new business models.

In addition to managing the 6G footprint, special attention would need to be given to the sustainability enablement effect of 6G in other sectors: How can 6G help other vertical sectors to be more sustainable (decarbonization, circularity, societal & economic impacts) and resilient? To be successful in this endeavour, our methodology would need to include the determination of key sustainability use cases and Key Values (KVs) and Key Value Indicators (KVIs) and develop associated requirements in 6G design. The effectiveness of this approach would depend on building an interdisciplinary and inclusive perspective to tackle highly complex sustainability challenges as a collaborative effort of an integrated, multi-stakeholder research community. This talk will focus on the challenges and opportunities of such a valueoriented design methodology for 6G.


Ali Rezaki is Head of Sustainability Systems Research at Nokia Standards. His main focus is on holistic, data-driven environmental sustainability research in telecommunications. In addition to the carbon footprint of networks, climate change mitigation and adaptation as well as biodiversity and geodiversity are among his research interests. Ali is active in Key Value / Key Value Indicator (KV/KVI) related research activities in the EU-funded Hexa-X-II project, considering the socio-economical as well as environmental perspectives of sustainability. He is leading the SNS-JU Technology Board Sustainability Task Force and is contributing to sustainability initiatives in the IETF. Ali has more than 30 years of industry, university, and public-sector research experience in telecommunications. Previously, he led the security standardization and research activities of Nokia Standards. In the past, Ali took part in major networking technology transformations, starting from Frame Relay and ATM to MPLS and IP, xDSL & FTTx, through to 5G & 6G and Industry 4.0, participating in numerous cooperative projects and industry initiatives. Ali had also been active in governance, policy, and strategy domains at national, regional, and international levels.

Submission link:

Important Dates

  • Workshop Paper Submission Deadline: 4 May 2024 (FINAL)
  • Paper Acceptance Notification: 3 May 2024 17 May 2024 31 May 2024 (FINAL)
  • Camera Ready: 18 May 2024  1 June 2024 14 June 2024 (FINAL)
  • Workshops date: 2-3 September 2024 

General Chairs

  • Claudia Campolo (University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, Italy)
  • Giacomo Morabito (University of Catania, Italy)
  • Karthik Upadhya (Nokia Bell Labs, Finland)
  • Akshay Jain (Nokia Bell Labs, Finland)